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About Thailand

Thailand Development Status

Over the past two decades, Thailand has experienced generally strong economic growth, a substantial reduction in poverty (the incidence of poverty has declined by two-thirds from 42% in 2000 to 13.2% in 2011) and significant improvements in other important areas of social development, including access to education, health and other social services…


Thailand covers an area of 514,000 square kilometres in the centre of the South-East Asian peninsula. It is bordered by Myanmar (Burma), Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Cambodia and Malaysia, and has 2,420 kilometres of coast line on the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman sea. Thailand stretches 1,650 kilometres from north to south, and from east..


The estimated population is 64 million of which approximately 9.3 million live in Bangkok and its vicinities. Ninety-four percent of the population are Thai-speaking Buddhists; Thai is also the official language of the country. Four distinct dialects of the Thai language are spoken, in the central, northern, southern and in the north-eastern regions, the latter being closely..


Thailand is still a nation of imbalances, including wealth imbalances (top quintile earned income about 12 times more than the bottom quintile); imbalances between urban and rural areas (for example 1 in 10 households in rural area are still poor, and in urban areas, there are an estimated 1.3 million poor with 58 percent earning less than minimum wage)..

Emerging Status

As a middle-income country with strong growth, Thailand is determined to “leap frog” in development status. The ultimate goal is its transformation into a “developed, first-world nation, capable of sustaining long-term quality growth and lasting prosperity”. To this end, the RTG has been resolute in seeking to consolidate the nation’s independent standing and to move toward net contributor status. This…

Travel Info

Visa requirements Entry visa is required from travellers on official assignment to Thailand. UN personnel arriving on assignment should obtain a Thai visa official category ‘F’ and for dependents, category ‘O’ prior to entry in Thailand. United Nations personnel travelling to Thailand from countries where there is no Thai diplomatic representation should provide the following information to the UNDP Office…